causes of infertility

Infertility is one of the leading causes of stress for couples who are wanting to start a family. According to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), 1 in 7 heterosexual couples in the UK struggle with infertility.

Understanding the cause of your fertility issues is paramount before seeking treatment. To help raise awareness during Infertility Month, here we will look at the most common causes of infertility.

Causes of infertility in women

Women can experience numerous issues with infertility. The most common causes include:

  • Ovulation disorders
  • Gynaecological conditions
  • Blocked uterine tubes

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and Endometriosis are two of the most common ovulation disorders that can lead to issues with fertility. Or the issues may be caused by genealogical conditions such as intrauterine adhesions, polyps, and chronic inflammation.

In some cases, fertility issues in women may be caused by blocked uterine tubes. Endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease can both cause the tubes to become blocked.
These are just some of the potential causes of infertility in women. But it is important to note that in some cases the exact cause may not be clear.

Causes of infertility in men

Just like women, men can also experience a range of infertility issues. Some of the most common causes of male infertility include:

  • Low count or poor-quality sperm
  • Poor sperm mobility
  • Abnormal sperm

If a man’s sperm count is less than 15 million sperm cells per millilitre, there might not be enough of it to conceive. If the sperm is too slow to reach the egg, this also poses an issue. In some cases, the sperm cells may also have defects, making them unable to fertilise the egg.

Combined causes of infertility

It isn’t just individual influences that can cause infertility issues for couples. There are also combined factors that may come into play. These include:

  • Age
  • STI’s
  • Smoking and drinking excessive alcohol
  • Chemotherapy
  • Diet
  • Stress

Some of these factors aren’t things that you can change, such as your age. However, there are things couples can do to improve their chances of conceiving. The exact cause needs to be identified to ensure that the right treatment can be undertaken.

Going through fertility issues can put a real strain on couples. It can be a tough journey when one or both partners have issues that need to be addressed. While not all fertility troubles can be fixed, most can be managed and overcome with the right treatment.

If you and your partner have been trying to fall pregnant for more than a year with no success, book a fertility health check with SureScan today. Our friendly and compassionate experts are on hand to help you get to the root of the problem, and advise you of the best treatment option moving forward.