Adenomyosis is just one of the many conditions that can affect women. Causing the uterine walls to become thicker, it can cause a range of unpleasant symptoms such as pain during intercourse and heavier menstrual bleeding.
It isn’t a condition that is widely talked about, so how exactly do you know if you’re suffering with it? Here, you’ll discover more about Adenomyosis, its symptoms and how to get diagnosed.
What is Adenomyosis?
Adenomyosis is a condition where the endometrial tissue presents in places it shouldn’t. This leads to the uterine walls becoming thicker. It isn’t yet known what causes the condition, although there are some known factors which appear to contribute.
It is thought that the condition largely presents due to an increase in oestrogen levels. It tends to disappear after women go through the menopause when oestrogen levels naturally begin to drop.
Another potential cause includes excess tissue within the uterine walls which were present even before birth. The tissue begins to grow throughout adulthood. It could also be down to stem cells within the walls of the uterine muscle, or due to uterine inflammation which occurs after giving birth.
What symptoms does it produce?
The symptoms of Adenomyosis can vary from mild to severe, and some women may not even experience any symptoms. The most common symptoms of Adenomyosis include:
- Heavier, more painful menstrual cycles
- Pain during intercourse
- Spotting between periods
- Tenderness within the abdomen
- Longer menstrual cycles
As these symptoms can also point to other conditions, it’s easy for them to go misdiagnosed. This is why women who are suffering from Adenomyosis don’t often receive a diagnosis right away.
Diagnosing the condition
So, how is the condition diagnosed? Well, firstly you’ll need to undergo a full medical evaluation. This will include a physical examination which will detect whether the uterus has become swollen. The majority of women suffering with the condition, tend to have a uterus that is at least double the size that it should be.
You may also need to undergo other tests, such as an ultrasound. This would help to determine whether there are any tumours on the uterus and help to diagnose Adenomyosis if it is present. If the ultrasound doesn’t produce clear results, an MRI scan may need to be carried out. This produces a high-resolution image, giving the doctor a better look at the health of the uterus.
Can it be treated?
If you are diagnosed with Adenomyosis, you may not require any treatment if the condition is mild. However, if the symptoms interrupt your daily life, various treatment options may be recommended.
Common treatments include anti-inflammatory medications, hormonal treatments, endometrial ablation and surgery.
Overall, very few patients have even heard of Adenomyosis. However, it can have a debilitating effect on your life if you do have the condition. If you suspect you have the symptoms of Adenomyosis, it’s worth seeking a diagnosis from your GP or from a women’s health clinic. Book a consultation with one of our specialists today to discover whether this condition could be the cause of your menstrual troubles.
To book your scan, call 0121 308 7774.